Shape and movement is taught in both lower key stage 2 and upper key stage 2 (KS2). There is a free KS2 maths worksheet below, which will help children to practice the shape and movement rules they have learnt at school. At school, your child will learn to:

• Identify 3D shapes from 2D representations.
• Know angles are measured in degrees.
• Identify angles.
• Draw 2D shapes using given dimensions and angles.
• Distinguish between regular and irregular polygons.
• Use appropriate language when talking about shapes and angles.
• Recognise and build 3D shapes using 3D shape nets.
• Compare and contrast geometric shapes based on their properties and sizes.
• Name parts of a circle such as radius, diameter and circumference.
• Be able to find missing angles.
• Recognise that shapes with the same areas can have different perimeters and vice versa.
• Recognise it is possible to use formulae for area and volume of shapes.
• Calculate the volume of cubes and cuboids.

### Regular & Irregular Polygons Explained

A regular polygon has sides of equal length, and all its interior angles are of equal size. Irregular polygons can have sides of any length and angles of any size.

## KS2 Maths Worksheet and Activities

Below are some fun games and ideas in which you can help you children learn about shapes.

### Using a Protractor

Tape one end of a piece of string (about 25 centimeters long) to the back of a protractor. Thread the other end of the string though the hole in the center of the straight edge of the protractor. When necessary, use the string to extend the side of an angle to the protractors scale. Use the protractor to measure angles throughout the hue. Measure the angles in wallpaper designs, floor tiles, windowpanes and fabrics such as window curtains, place mats and clothing.

### Circle Pattern Designs

Draw a circle using a compass. Keep the compass setting and mark off arcs around the circumference of the circle. You will have 6 marks. Now connect these points and a hexagon will be within the circle.

Try it again. But this time connect alternate points and a triangle will be within the circle. Now you can create a design with the circle connect adjacent points, alternate points and opposite points. Colour the design using markers or crayons.

### 3D Shape Nets Worksheet

Attached is some 3D shape nets for you children to print off and construct. If your children want to decorate them make sure they do this before constructing the shapes, as it will be easier.

Shape Nets

## Online Games

Practice at home is essential. Here are two online games that could be used alongside the shape ks2 maths worksheet attached above, to help your children to practice what they have learnt at school.

3D Shape Sort

This game helps your children learn about sorting 3D shapes. It has different levels of difficulty to test your children with.

Billy Bug

In this game your children have to click on the arrow keys to guide Billy to the coordinates of the hidden grub. When he arrives click ‘feed’ and he will feed himself. This game is good for letting your children improve their coordinate skills.