In key stage 1 (KS1) children’s literacy skills should be improving and therefore children should be getting more comfortable with writing. Here’s some information about what your kids will be learning at school, helping you to support them at home.



As your children read, they will be coming across different types of punctuation. At school, they literacy skills and rules they have learnt from books will be practiced in their writing.

In year 1, your children will be taught to leave spaces between words and to use a capital letter for proper nouns as well as at the beginning of sentences. They’ll also learn how to use full stops, question marks and exclamation marks correctly. As your child move into year two, they’ll begin to use commas and apostrophes. It’s important for your child to learn punctuation so that they can form different types of sentences such as statements, questions, exclamations and commands.


Words and spelling

During KS1, your child should be becoming more confident with phonemes (sounds that letters make). They should be able to spell common words with these phonemes as well as common exception words they’ll come across when reading. Children should be able to spell the days of the week, and distinguish between alternative spellings of the same sound, called homophones. As confidence increases, they should be adding prefixes such as –un and suffixes such as –ing, -ed, -ment and –ness to words. It’s important for children to be learning the words that they are writing not just copying them, in order for both the reading and writing aspect of their literacy skills to develop. This means that they should be able to write sentences from memory by the end of KS1.


Writing stories

Aside from learning lists of words, spelling and punctuation, it’s important for your child to be creative! Creative writing is a large part of literacy in KS1. Writing stories allows kids to practice their handwriting, punctuation and spelling but it also encourages them to use their imagination.


Literacy Skills at Home

It is important that your child’s literacy skills develop through KS1 since writing is an essential skill for all children to have. The easiest way to get your children’s writing to improve is to give them opportunities to write! You could encourage your child to write in a diary, make a scrapbook or write stories involving their favourite toys. If your children are more interested in playing video games, why not get them to write a review about the game? This will give your children some practice writing in a way that is fun for them.

You could also have your children play online games to help them learn the rules of grammar and punctuation. Alternatively, you could also use workbooks and worksheets, such as the free one’s below.


High frequency words

This list of high frequency words for KS1 can be used to make your own spelling tests at home. You could also pick 4 or 5 words and get your children to write a story including them, getting them to practice their creative writing.

Literacy skills ks1 words

High Frequency Words



This worksheet encourages children to use different forms of punctuation. Each phrase has a bit of punctuation missing and your kids have to select the right punctuation to use.


Literacy skills punctuation

Punctuation practice for KS1



Helping your children to practice spelling is really important. In this worksheet, your child has to complete the word with the right spelling and add in the correct punctuation marks to complete the sentences.

Spelling worksheet ks1 literacy skills

Spelling Worksheet