Writing Strategies for different purposes: KS3 English
Your child will have learnt how to write for different purposes and audiences in key stage 2 (KS2). In key stage 3 (KS3), these basic skills will be developed so that your child will be able to write for a wide range of purposes and in a variety of different styles. Your child should be adopting different writing strategies and writing styles to match their purpose for writing and their audience.
Writing to argue
Your child will learn how to write from two different points of view, to form an argument. A good writing strategy is to have a balanced argument and include both perspectives before drawing a conclusion.
Writing to persuade
It’s important that children know the difference between writing to argue and writing to persuade. When writing to persuade, your child needs to convince the reader of their viewpoint rather than give them a balanced understanding of both sides. When writing persuasively, good writing techniques include emotive language, patterns of three and rhetorical questions. Engaging with persuasive texts such as leaflets and newspapers will help your child learn how to write in a persuasive way.
Writing to entertain
In KS2, your child will have produced a lot of short stories. This is the main way that your child will have written to entertain so these skills will also be developed and improved in KS3. However, children will also learn how to include humour in their writing, especially in poems.
Writing to inform and explain
There are various types of texts that write to inform, such as leaflets. Your child will need to adopt a different writing style and eventually become confident in writing in an authoritative style. Their writing should focus on the main points and make the facts explicit and clear to the audience. When writing to explain, your child needs to give reasons as to why these facts are true.
Writing to analyse
Analytical writing is an important skill for your child to have since they will have to analyse a variety of texts. When writing in this way, they should remain objective and give a balanced argument before drawing their points to a conclusion.
Writing to review
Writing to review is similar to writing to analyse. However, reviews tend to be more personal and subjective rather than objective. It is important that your child is still focusing on the strengths and weaknesses of what they are reviewing and using evidence or examples to support their argument.
As your child writes for different purposes, they will need to make sure that the way they are writing matches the purpose and the audience. They will learn when formal language should be used and when informal language is more appropriate. For example, if your child is writing a newspaper article they should avoid colloquial language however, if they are writing to entertain it may be better to use conversational language. As your child understands the features of different texts, they should be able to use different writing strategies in order to produce work with an appropriate style.
Having a good plan is one of the most helpful writing strategies for your child to have. This is because by this stage, writing should also be well structured. Your child should be writing in paragraphs, which should be arranged in a logical sense. The sentences that your child uses should also be appropriate for the purpose of their writing. For example, it would not be appropriate to use fragmented sentences when writing a formal newspaper article but it might be appropriate if they were writing to entertain.
As your child becomes more confident analysing the texts that they read, their writing strategies and style should improve. The literary devices that they learn from authors should be incorporated into their own work.
Writing Strategies: Resources
Your child should practice these different writing styles and using writing strategies. They will need to plan what they are going to write and choose an appropriate strategy to have an effect on their audience. This worksheet has some topic ideas for your child to write about.