Year 1 and Year 2 Maths

In Key Stage 1 (KS1) your children will be aged 5 to 7. They will also either be in either year 1 or year 2 and so should be using year 1 or year 2 maths resources. Unlike in Early Years, your child will be introduced to new areas of maths for them to learn. In KS1 Maths there are a number of sub topics that your child will be introduced to. Listed below are the topics and a summary of what your child should be taught.

 

Addition and Subtraction

In year 1 and year 2 maths  classes your child will be taught to:

  • Read and write numeracy symbols such as addition, subtraction and equals signs.
  • Be able to use number bonds within 20.
  • Add and subtract one and two digit numbers up to 20.
  • Use addition and subtraction facts up to 20 with ease.
  • Show that addition can be done in any order and subtraction of one number from another can’t.
  • Recognise the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction and use this to check calculations.
  • Add and subtract numbers mentally.
  • Add and subtract numbers with up to three digits.
  • Be able to estimate the answer to a calculation.
  • Solve missing number problems.

 

Data Handling

In year 1 and year 2 maths classes your child will be taught to:

  • Interpret and construct simple pictograms, tally charts, block diagrams and simple tables.
  • Ask and answer simple questions by counting the number of objects in each category and sorting the categories by quantity.
  • Ask and answer questions about totalling and comparing categorical data.

 

Measures

In year 1 and year 2 maths classes your child will be taught to:

  • Compare and describe different measures.
  • Your children should be able to measure and begin to record different measures.
  • Your children should be able to use appropriate units to estimate and measure length/height (m/cm), mass (kg/g), temperature (°C) and capacity (liters/ml).
  • Recognise and know the value of different values of notes and coins.
  • Recognise and use the symbols for pounds (£) and pence (p).
  • Combine amounts to make a particular value.

 

Multiplication and Division

In year 1 and year 2 maths classes your child will be taught to:

  • Use multiplication and division to solve one step problems.
  • Write the times tables using the multiplication and division.
  • Show that multiplication can be done in any way but division can’t.
  • Write and calculate multiplication and division using the multiplication tables they know – for two digit numbers times one-digit numbers, using mental and written methods.
  • Solve missing number problems including multiplication and division.

 

Number

In year 1 and year 2 maths classes your child will be taught to:

  • Recognising odd and even numbers.
  • Compare and order lengths, mass, volume/capacity and record the results using >, < and =.
  • Sequence events in chronological order using the proper language (for example, before and after, next, first, today, yesterday, tomorrow, morning, afternoon, evening).
  • Sort and classify objects by various attributes such as colour, size and shape.

 

Place Value

In year 1 and year 2 maths  classes your child will be taught to:

  • Count to 100, either forwards backwards or beginning with any number.
  • If given a number be able to identify one above and one below the number.
  • Identify and represent numbers using objects.
  • Read and write numbers from 1 to 20 in numbers and words.
  • Use numeracy terms e.g. equal to, more than, less than, most, least.

 

Problem Solving

In year 1 and year 2 maths classes your child will be taught to:

  • Solve one-step problems that involve addition and subtraction, using concrete objects such as pictorial representations, and missing number problems such as 7 = _ – 9.
  • Solve one step problems involving multiplication and division.

 

Shape/Position and Movement

In year 1 and year 2 maths classes your child will be taught to:

  • Recognise and name common 2-D and 3-D shapes.
  • Describe the properties of 2-D shapes e.g. the number of sides, lines of symmetry.
  • Describe the properties of 3-D shapes e.g. number of edges, vertices and faces.
  • Identify 2-D shapes on 3-D shapes.
  • Draw 2-D shapes and make models of 3-D shapes.
  • Identify right angles within shapes.
  • Identify angle basics e.g. two right rights make a half turn and 4 complete a turn.
  • Identify horizontal and vertical lines.
  • Identify perpendicular and parallel lines.