Year 3 and Year 4 Maths Curriculum

In Lower Key Stage 2 (KS2) your children will be aged 7 to 9. They will also either be in either year 3 or year 4 maths classes. Like in KS1 your child will be introduced to new math’s topics but your child will also be taught more in depth about subjects they’ve already learned about. Listed below are the topics and a summary of what your child should be taught.

 

Addition and Subtraction

In year 3 and year 4 maths  classes, your child should be taught how to:

  • Add and subtract numbers with up to 4 digits, using the column method.
  • Estimate and check answers to a calculation.
  • Solve addition and subtraction problems that have two-steps, choosing the right method.

 

Data Handling

In year 3 and year 4 maths classes your child should be taught how to:

  • Interpret and present data using bar charts pictograms and tables.
  • Solve one step and two step questions using information presented in scaled bar charts.
  • Interpret and present discrete and continuous data using bar charts and time graphs.

 

Fractions and Decimals

In year 3 and year 4 maths classes your child should be learn how to:

  • Recognise and show common fractions.
  • Count up and down in hundredths.
  • Add and subtract fractions with the same denominator.
  • Recognise and write decimal equivalents of any number.
  • Find the effect of dividing a one or two digit number by 10 and 100.
  • Round decimals with one decimal place to the nearest whole number.

 

Measures

In year 3 and year 4 maths classes your child should be taught how to:

  • Convert between different units of measure.
  • Measure and calculate the perimeter of squares and rectangles in centimetres and meters.
  • Find the area of rectangles and squares.
  • Convert time between analogue and digital 12 and 24 hour clocks.

 

Multiplication and Division

In year 3 and year 4 maths classes your child should be taught how to:

  • Divide numbers mentally.
  • Use factor pairs in mental calculations.
  • Multiply two digit and three digit numbers, by a one-digit number, using the column method.

 

Ordering and Sequencing

In year 3 and year 4 maths classes your child should be taught how to:

  • Order and compare numbers beyond 1000.
  • Read Roman numerals to 100 (I to C).
  • Know that over time, the numeral system changed to include the concept of zero.
  • Interpret and present data using bar charts, pictograms and tables.
  • Solve one step and two step questions using information presented in bar charts or pictograms.

 

Place Value

In year 3 and year 4 maths classes your child should be taught how to:

  • Find 1000 more or less than a given number.
  • Count backwards through zero to include negative numbers.
  • Recognise the place value of each digit in a four-digit number.
  • Identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations.
  • Round any number to the nearest 10, 100 or 1000.
  • Solve number and practical problems with increasingly large positive numbers.

 

Problem Solving

In year 3 and year 4 maths classes your child should be taught how to:

  • Solve problems including missing number problems and more complex addition and subtraction.
  • Be able to solve fraction problems.
  • Solve problems including missing number problems involving multiplication and division.
  • Solve addition and subtraction two-step problems in contexts.

 

Shape, Position and Movement

In year 3 and year 4 maths classes your child should be taught how to:

  • Compare and classify geometric shapes, including quadrilaterals and triangles.
  • Identify acute and obtuse angles and compare and order angles up to two right angles by size.
  • Identify lines of symmetry in 2D shapes.
  • Describe positions on a 2D grid as coordinates in the first quadrant.
  • Describe movements between positions as translations given unit to the left/right and up/down.