Year 5 and Year 6 Maths Overview

In Upper Key Stage 2 (KS2) your children will be aged 9 to 11. They will be following the year 5 and year 6 maths curriculum. Like in Lower KS2 your child will be introduced to new math’s topics. Your child will also be taught more in depth about subjects they’ve already learned about. Listed below are the topics and a summary of what your child should be taught.

 

Addition and Subtraction

In year 5 and year 6 maths classes your children will be taught how to:

  • Add and subtract whole numbers with more than 4 digits, including using formal written methods.
  • Add and subtract numbers mentally with increasingly large numbers.
  • Use rounding to check answers to calculations.
  • Solve addition and subtraction multi-step problems.

 

Data Handling

In year 5 and year 6 maths classes your children will be taught how to:

  • Interpret and construct pie charts and line graphs and use these to solve problems.
  • Calculate the mean and median.
  • Construct tables and bar graphs.

 

Fractions and Decimals

In year 5 and year 6 maths classes your children will be taught how to:

  • Compare and order fractions with the same denominator.
  • Convert improper fractions.
  • Add and subtract fractions with the same denominator.
  • Multiply proper fractions by whole numbers.
  • Round decimals with two decimal places to the nearest whole number.
  • Order numbers with up to three decimal places
  • Recognise the per cent symbol (%).

 

Measures

In year 5 and year 6 maths classes your children will be taught how to:

  • Convert between different units of metric measure.
  • Understand the difference between metric and imperial.
  • Measure and calculate the perimeter of rectilinear shapes.
  • Calculate and compare area of rectangles and shapes.
  • Estimate volume and capacity.

 

Ordering and Sequencing

In year 5 and year 6 maths classes your children will be taught how to:

  • Use simple formulae.
  • Generate and describe linear number sequences.
  • Express missing number problems algebraically.
  • Find pairs of numbers that satisfy an equation with two unknowns.
  • Enumerate possibilities of combinations of two variables.

 

Place Value

In year 5 and year 6 maths classes your children will be taught how to:

  • Read, write, order and compare numbers to at least 1,000,000.
  • Count forward or backwards in steps of powers of 10 for any given number.
  • Interpret negative numbers in context.
  • Count forwards and backward with positive and negative numbers including through zero.
  • Round any number up to 1,000,000 to the nearest 10, 100, 1000, 10,000 and 100,000.
  • Use negative numbers in context and calculate intervals across zero.
  • Solve number and practical problems that involve all of the above.

 

Problem Solving

In year 5 and year 6 maths classes your children will be taught how to:

  • Solve problems involving the relative sizes of two quantities where missing values can be found by using integer multiplication and division facts.
  • Solve problems involving the calculation of percentages and the use of percentages for comparison.
  • Solve problems involving similar shapes where the scale factor is known or can be found.
  • Solve problems involving unequal sharing and grouping using knowledge of fractions and multiples.

 

Shape Position and Movement

In year 5 and year 6 maths classes your children will be taught how to:

  • Identify 3D shapes from 2D representations.
  • Know angles are measured in degrees.
  • Identify angles.
  • Draw 2D shapes using given dimensions and angles.
  • Distinguish between regular and irregular polygons.
  • Use appropriate language when talking about shapes and angles.
  • Recognise and build 3D shapes using 3D shape nets.
  • Compare and contrast geometric shapes based on their properties and sizes.
  • Name parts of a circle such as radius, diameter and circumference.
  • Be able to find missing angles.