Types of Learning Styles: An Overview
There are 7 types of learning styles group common ways that people learn. Every person, every child, will have a different mix of learning styles. Some children, may have one dominant learning style and use very little of others whilst others integrate different styles. Other children may change learning style depending on the situation. There is no right learning style or pattern. Additionally learning styles aren’t fixed and can change with age.
A lot of people don’t fit perfectly into one of 7 types of learning styles. Therefore, a “one-size fits all” approach will cause some students to underperform. This is why schools tend to use a range of activities in the classroom so that all types of learning styles are able to benefit. When supporting your child at home, you should provide them with resources and techniques, which match their own learning style.
7 Types of Learning Styles
Visual learners prefer to use pictures, diagrams, and images and have good spatial understanding. Such learners tend to visualise information and will easily remember something that they have seen, this includes writings on a whiteboard as well as drawings.
Aural learners enjoy listening to sounds and have a good sense of rhythm. Often, aural learners will speak out loud or read out loud to help them remember information. Aural learners ability to hear different sounds easily makes them good at music as well as foreign languages.
Physical learners like to use their hands, body and sense of touch when they are learning. Physical learners may be able to remember the details of an object or model they have held in their hands or been able to touch.
Visual, aural and physical are the 3 most widely recognised types of learning styles. However, there are 4 more that may better describe the learning style of you child.
Verbal learners are those who use either spoken or written words to help them learn information. Such learners also tend to think about the meaning of words and prefer things to be written in an explanatory paragraph, rather than in a chart or diagram, which a visual learner might prefer.
Logical learners tend to follow a rational approach and easily understand systems and sequences. Such learners thrive when they see how things link to each other and work together.
Social learners may lack focus when they work alone but do well when they work in a group or with a partner. As group work causes children to develop good communication and listening skills, social learners can also be very engaged when simply listening to a person give a presentation.
Solitary learners may struggle to work in a group but thrive when they work by themselves. Such learners may enjoy teaching themselves new skills or finding things out for themselves, rather than asking another person.
There is no right or wrong learning style. Children may not show all the traits of a dominant learning style and may seem to fit into multiple types of learning styles. Additionally, it is not better or worse for your child to have one dominant style than to have a mix of different types of learning styles. Nonetheless, it is useful to know how your child learns best.